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Political Science & International Relations

By Ajay Mishra
(Founder Director StepUp IAS, IAS DARBAR & Ecoguru)

MA (Pol Sc.)Net Qualified, MBA( UBI Belgium), Faced Civil Services Interview Twice

Take One Step With Ajay Mishra Towards Your IAS Dream

Political Science Optional & General Studies
Under The Personal Guidance of Ajay Mishra

Dear Civil Services Aspirants: Congratulations For Choosing PSIR as your optional

Political science & International Relations (PSIR) as an optional paper is a very scoring optional paper with little effort .This is the only optional fulfilling the need of UPSC requirements.I am saying this because PSIR optional gives intense opportunity to students to cover a large section of GS just by covering a single optional.

Following subjects of General Studies are covered under  PSIR….

A.Indian Polity and Constitution (GS paper 2)

B.International Relations ( GS paper 2)

C.Modern Indian History & Post Independence India

D.Indian Society ( GS paper 1)

E.Ethics ( Almost all Thinkers) GS paper 4
F. Economy & Agriculture

Besides these One Essay topic is almost everyyear from political science & IR.

In civil services interview the questions from this subject is most alluring to Interview panel members.

If we talk About preliminary exam 40 questions are covered from this single optional.Indina Polity,IR (including Institutions & Modern Indian History)

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# 08750069419, 09811695437

Fee For PSIR Classes By Ajay Mishra Sir

PSIR Class Will Include the Online / offline Classes as well as PDF Notes of Classes.The Duration Will Four and Half Month.Special Features Include 1.Personal Guidance and Doubt Claring Sessions2.Specilised Answer writing Sessions3.Support For Essay Writing4.Support in GS Paper 2,4,& 15.Test Series
34999 Duration Four and Half Month
  • Test Series
  • Notes
  • Separate Answer writing Sessions
  • Personal Doubt Sessions
  • Support in GS Mains & Preliminary

UPSC Mains Political Science PAPER – I Syllabus

UPSC Mains Political Science Syllabus PAPER – I

1.Political Theory and Indian Politics:

2.Political Theory: meaning and approaches.

3.Theories of the State: Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.

4.Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
(Helps in GS Paper of Ethics,Integrity & Aptitude.Direct Question on Rawls has been asked in GS Paper 4)

5.Equality: Social, political and economic; the relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
(Helps In Essay writing & Opinion Based Questions of Polity)

6.Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; the concept of Human Rights.
(Helps In Essay writing & Opinion Based Questions of Polity)

7.Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.
Helps in Essay writing & Indian Polity)

8.Concept of power, hegemony, ideology, and legitimacy.
(Helps in Answer writing in Governance :GS Paper 2)

9.Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
(Helps in Ethics and case studies & Essay writing)

10.Indian Political Thought: Dharamshastra, Arthashastra, and Buddhist traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy.
(Direct Question in Ethics paper 4 of General studies)

11.Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.
(Direct Question in Ethics paper 4 of General studies)

2.Indian Government and Politics:

Indian Nationalism:

(a) Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle:

Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements. (b) Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.

Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.
(Helps In GS Paper 1)

Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.

(a) Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.

(b) Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature, and High Courts.

Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; the significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.

Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.

Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.
(Helps In GS Paper 2 Indian Polity)

Planning and Economic Development: Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; the role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalization and economic reforms.
This Part Helps in Economy & Agriculture :GS Paper 3 of Civil Services Mains Exam)

Caste, Religion, and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
Helps in Indian Society

Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behavior; changing socio-economic profile of Legislators.
Helps in Answer writing of Opinion Based Questions of Indian Polity)

Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements.
(Helps in Environment s well as better Essay Writing on Topics Related to above part)

UPSC Mains Political Science PAPER – II Syllabus


UPSC Mains Political Science PAPER – II Syllabus
Comparative Politics and International Relations-Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics:

Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.

State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.
(Helps In Opinion Based Questions in GS Paper 3)

Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups, and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.
Helps in GS Paper 2 : Comparision of Different Constitutions with Indian Constitution)

Globalization: Responses from developed and developing societies.
(Helps in Gs Paper 3,GS Paper 1 & Essay writing)

Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.

Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalization.

Changing International Political Order:

(a) The rise of superpowers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, the arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat; (b) Non-aligned movement: Aims and achievements; (c) Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
(Direct Question NAM was asked in Gs & Essay paper)

Evolution of the International Economic System: From Bretton woods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy.
Helps in GS Paper 3 on WTO and GS Paper 2 International Institutions)

United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; the need for UN reforms.
(Direct Questions in GS Paper 2)

Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
(Direct Questions in GS Paper 2)

Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
(Helps in Essay Writing and Internal Security GS paper 3)

India and the World:
(Its Completely helpful In GS Paper 2 )

Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.

India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role.

India and South Asia:

(a) Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects. (b) South Asia as a Free Trade Area. (c) India’s “Look East” policy. (d) Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.

India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.

India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China, and Russia.

India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.

India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.

Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; the vision of new world order.

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Famous Quotations of

 # 4-Point to be kept In Mind if you want to get selection in UPSC- Have Patience, Be Aggressive,Maintain Continuity & Be in right direction”


#  “UPSC is like a tiger.The more you fear,the faster you run.If you stop, no body can save you”.

# If you have to go from Delhi to Mussoori, you have to be on the right road. If by mistake you are driving your car on Delhi to Chandigarh road,you can never reach Mussoori. So Find Your Guide and be in right direction during your preparation.”
# If I say not to make an eye contact with the tiger (UPSC),DO NOT DO that. If you say you can’t control your eyes, then no body can control the tiger too.(Tiger=UPSC).
# Listen to your trainer carefully, Ask the questions and once you are convinced, follow the instructions. Only this can save your attempt.”
# If almost one thousand students are getting final selection every year for many decades, there shall be a process. We must Find that and crack UPSC.
# “You are not going to discover a new star, you are just going to do what hundreds of students are doing every year. So Don’t panic ! just do the right thing.
# If You give importance to anything more than UPSC, then you may get that thing but not UPSC.”
# When your life is at stake,your family’s prestige is at stake,your friends hope is at stake then how can you sleep for 10 hours.”
# If you know that by pressing a single red button,your all the problems will wither away then press it.UPSC is that Button.Press It
# “Do Not Focus On Personality and Achievement of Your Trainer, Focus on His process and examine it. You will find it easier to know a lot about your trainer.”

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